To begin, you will need to make templates of the applique patterns. Templates made from clear plastic are durable and easy to make. Because you can see through the plastic, it is easy to trace the templates accurately from the page.
Place template plastic over each pattern piece and trace with a fine-line permanent marker. Don't add seam allowances. Cut out the templates on the drawn lines. You need only one template for each different motif or shape. Write the pattern name and grain-line arrow (if applicable) on the template.
In traditional hand appliqué, the seam allowances are turned under before the appliqué is stitched to the background fabric. Two traditional methods for turning under the edges are needle-turn appliqué, which is usually done by hand, and freezer-paper appliqué, which can be done by hand or machine.
In fusible appliqué, the edges are not turned under because the adhesive secures the appliqué to the background. However, machine stitching is often applied to the appliqué edges for added security or decorative purposes.
1 Using a plastic template, trace the design onto the right side of the appliqué fabric. Use a No. 2 pencil to mark light fabrics and a white pencil to mark dark fabrics.
2 Cut out the fabric piece, adding a scant 1/4"-wide seam allowance all around the marked shape.
3 Position the appliqué piece on the background fabric. Pin or baste in place. If the pieces are numbered, start with piece 1 and add the remaining pieces in numerical order.
4 Starting on a straight edge, use the tip of the needle to gently turn under the seam allowance, about 1/4" at a time. Hold the turned seam allowance firmly between the thumb and first finger of one hand as you stitch the appliqué to the background fabric with your other hand. Use a longer needle—a Sharp or milliner's needle—to help you control the seam allowance and turn it under neatly. Use the traditional appliqué stitch to sew your appliqué pieces to the background.
Freezer paper, which is coated on one side, is often used to help make perfectly shaped appliques.
1 Trace around the plastic template on the paper side (not the shiny side) of the freezer paper with a sharp pencil, or place the freezer paper, shiny side down, on top of the pattern and trace.
2 Cut out the traced design on the pencil line. Do not add seam allowances. You can cut multiple layers by stapling several pieces of freezer paper together.
3 Press the waxy side of the freezer paper to the wrong side of your applique fabric with a dry iron. Leave approximately 1/4" around each piece for the seam allowance. Place curved edges on the bias when possible, as this will make it easier to turn under the edges.
4 Cut out the fabric shape, adding a 1/4" seam allowance all around the outside edge of the freezer paper. Clip the seam allowance on all curves, stopping two or three threads away from the paper.
5 You can use the point of a hot, dry iron to press the seam allowance over onto the paper side of the pattern piece, beginning at a straight or gently curved edge. Always press the seam allowance toward the center of the shape. For needle-turn applique, you can simply use the edge of the freezer paper as a guide for turning under the seam allowance.
6 Pin or baste the design to the background fabric or block. If the pieces are numbered, start with piece 1 and add the remaining pieces in numerical order. Hand or machine applique the design in place.
7 Remove any basting stitches. Trim away the background fabric behind the applique, Leaving a generous 1/4" seam allowance. Remove the freezer-paper shape. Use tweezers to remove any remaining paper. Note: It is not necessary to cut away the background of any piece that doesn't contain paper.
Traditional Applique Stitch
The traditional applique stitch or blind stitch is appropriate for sewing all applique shapes, including sharp points and curves.
1 Thread the needle with an approximately 18"- long single strand of thread in a color that closely matches the color of your applique. Knot the thread tail.
2 Hide the knot by slipping the needle into the seam allowance from the wrong side of the applique piece, bringing it out on the fold Line.
3 Work from right to Left if you are right-handed, or from Left to right if you are left-handed. To make the first stitch, insert the needle into the background right next to where the needle came out of the applique fabric. Bring the needle up through the edge of the applique, about 1/16" away from the first stitch.
4 As you bring the needle up, pierce the folded edge of the applique piece, catching only one or two threads.
5 Again, take a stitch into the background fabric right next to where the thread came up through the applique. Bring the needle up about 1/16" away from the previous stitch, again catching the folded edge of the applique.
6 Give the thread a sLight tug and continue stitching. Note that the stitches in the applique illustration are drawn large to indicate placement. The stitches should not show in the completed work.
7 To end your stitching, pull the needle through to the wrong side. Behind the applique piece, take two small stitches, making knots by taking your needle through the Loops.
Using paper-backed fusible web is a fast and fun way to applique. One of the most important things to remember about fusible applique is that the applique patterns must be the reverse image of the image on the finished project. All Martingale applique patterns that specify the fusible-applique method have already been reversed.
Refer to the manufacturer's instructions when applying fusible web to your fabrics; each brand is a little different and pressing it too long may result in fusible web that doesn't stick well.
1 Trace or draw your shape on the paper backing side of the fusible web. Cut out the shape, leaving about a 1/4" margin all around the outline.
2 Fuse shapes to the wrong side of your fabric.
3 Cut out the shape exactly on the marked line.
4 Remove the paper backing, position the shape on the background, and press it in place with your iron. If the pieces are numbered, start with piece 1 and add the remaining pieces in numerical order.
5 If desired, you can add decorative stitches by hand or you can machine stitch around the edges of the fused appliques. Commonly used stitches include satin stitch and blanket stitch.
Cutting Bias Strips
1 Use a long acrylic ruler and your rotary cutter to square up the left edge of the fabric. Place a single layer of fabric on your rotary-cutting mat. Using a ruler with a 45°-angle marking, align the 45° line with the lower edge of the fabric as shown. Position the ruler so that it extends completely across the fabric. Cut along the edge of the ruler.
2 Measuring from the cut edge, cut strips of the desired width. Cut as many strips as needed to achieve the required length for the project. You are cutting on the stretchy bias edge of the fabric, so handle the strips carefully to avoid distorting them.
Making Bias Stems
Bias stems are easy to make with the help of metal or nylon bias press bars. These handy notions are available at most quilt shops and come in sets of assorted widths. The following steps describe the process of making bias tubes.
1 Fold each bias strip in half lengthwise, wrong sides together. Stitch 1/8s" from the long raw edges to form a tube.
2 Insert the bias bar into the tube, roll the seam to the underside, and press flat. Remove the bias bar and your stem or vine is ready to applique.
Many applique designs are enhanced or embellished with the addition of hand embroidery. A blanket stitch is often used to stitch around the edges of fusible applique.